What is Load Bearing and Framed Structure.
Load Bearing vs Framed Structure – Generally, there are 2 types of Building Construction – Load Bearing vs Framed Structure. Here we will see the comparison of between both.
Load Bearing Structure And Framed Structure
Load bearing structure
|1||Almost all the walls are load bearing walls.||All the walls are partition walls or screen walls None of the walls is load bearing.|
|2||Almost all the walls are provided with shallow or deep foundations.||All the walls rest on the Plinth beam & are not provided with any footing or foundations.|
|3||All load bearing walls are taken deep into the subsoil for the foundation.||Only columns are taken deep into the subsoil & are provided with footings.|
|4||Load bearing walls are constructed of bricks or stones||Columns, beams, & slabs are constructed of R.C.C|
|5||The thickness of load bearing walls, in the any case, is not less than 200-mm||Only exterior walls are of a thickness of 200-mm and all interior walls are of a thickness of 100-mm or less.|
|6||A load bearing wall when once constructed shall remain in position & should never be dismantled.||The walls of framed structure can be shifted at any place as they are lighter & not load bearing.|
|7||Too many openings for doors, windows, ventilators, etc. are not the permissible.||There ai no such restriction in framed structure. The space between 2 columns can be kept fully or partially open as per planning and requirements.|
|8||Plans for the different floors remain the same as every wall on the upper floors must be a corresponding wall in continuation of the wall of the lower floor.||Planning for each floor is independent and free from whatever the planning of the lower floor is.|
|9||It is requires soil of good bearing capacity like rocks, sandy soil, gravelly soil, etc.||Even in the case of the soil with poor bearing capacity, piles may be driven until a hard stratum is reached and R.C.C. columns are constructed over them.|
|10||Best suited for small residential houses, rural houses, & houses up to three stories.||Best suited for the multistoried and high rise buildings, commercial complexes, public buildings, etc.|